How to align the wall with their hands


As mentioned above in most apartments wall mounted at a slight, almost imperceptible slope. But this is a problem during repair, and very strong. People buy low-quality mixes and expect that they can be used to align almost any wall, but this is far from the truth, because the market is steadily growing, and new building materials. In any case, you have to spend money to buy a mixture of European quality, as domestic manufacturers to produce products of low quality. Below we will talk about a very popular technology that uses plaster profiles for leveling walls. You will not spend money on services plasterers, all the work can be done by hand.

The contents of today's article:

  • How to align walls with wallpaper (plaster)
  • How to align walls plasterboard
Spatula line the walls

How to align walls with wallpaper (plaster)

During repairs, you may encounter different surprises, such as wallpaper may not be enough because of irregularities of the walls, and the pattern will look very crooked and ugly. Of course, you can try to paste wallpaper cheap, but why waste time once again, if we can immediately check the straightness of walls and quality wallpaper paste?

Before there is alignment with the mortar, to start preparing the surface. First you need to check whether the crumbling material that could interfere with repair? Get rid of them, if any. You also need to remove the old wallpaper, and then use the roller and brush to wash the walls hold. It is advisable to carry out the primer after 20-00 to leave the wall at night. Primer dries about 12 hours, do not start further work until it dries. Next you need to install beacons, at this point it can be done in two ways:

Example installation of drywall

  1. Mark the wall, you will be plastered, and then type in the top corner of a nail, but leave the hat visible for about 3 millimeters. If the wall is too rough, cap can be put out even more. Once you have installed the first beacon, must be attached to it plummet: attach the nut to the usual string, it will plummet to the situation. Secure it to the nail, but do it gently to the floor to remain plumb distance of several centimeters. Over time plummet stops swinging, and from then on he would serve the standard classical level. Then hammer another nail into the wall so that the distance to the floor is about 8 inches, and thread and tack were nearby. This will be the second beacon.
  2. Now do the same thing, but on the other side. The result is that there are four beacons, and straight lines at the edges of the wall, which should be targeted. Use the thread, just swipe it from the lower right to the upper nail, which is located on the left side. Pull the other thread between them, you end up with a thread placed cross. Try to pull the thread with the stock, they can break easily, and the work has to start over. Check whether the contact line of the wall that you are going to measure it? If there is a slight touch of the wall pull the first nail, and then begin work on the consolidation of thread from the beginning. When the thread does not come into contact with the surface of the walls, you can go to the next stage of work.
  3. Use a long, flat stick, and place it near the top and bottom of nail, but only about one side of the wall. Then you can proceed with the preparation of mortars. To set the beacon, you can take an ordinary plaster, but for this purpose it is suitable plaster. Its advantage is that it dries quickly, usually within an hour. Take a spatula and tuck mix between a stick and the wall, and then wait until it dries. Once you remove the stick you get the first lighthouse. Do the same thing, but on the other side of the wall, this will be the second beacon. But evenness beacons need to check carefully through the construction level. Problems can arise if the wall is very long, just in case, install one beacon in the center, as well prepared thread and nails.

There is another way, one can say that it is easier than the first, but just in case, we describe it.

  1. Buy a hardware store special beacons, having a thickness of 5 to 10 millimeters. The thickness depends on the density of plaster. If you apply a very thin layer, use beacons 7 millimeters thick, if the walls really broken it took 10 millimeter beacons.
  2. Take a flat board and use it for drawing vertical lines on both sides of the wall. Then cook the mixture a bit of construction, it is desirable to take advantage of gypsum plaster. Cause it must be exactly traced the lines, you will need to apply construction spatula. Observe the range of about 10 centimeters, and not put too large chunks of plaster. The mixture should be very thick, otherwise it will slide down the wall.
  3. Now use the beacon and secure it to the wall at exactly the place where the mixture is smeared. Then take a builder's level and strongly lean beacon to the wall, but leave a small gap. Clean the excess mixture with a spatula to cover the lighthouse. On the same principle, set another lighthouse. When there was a dry mixture can be stretched a string from the lower right to the upper left edge. Needs to be done so as to form a cross, so pull from the right top to bottom left another thread. Do not forget to check the thread contact with the wall.
  4. If the walls are long, you need to install one beacon in the center of the wall. Again draw a vertical line. Pull some threads between beacons located beneath a single line from the top, middle and bottom. Set another lighthouse just as the others, but the touch monitor thread. Do not let too much tension, otherwise thread will tear.
  5. When beacons are installed, you can proceed to the application of plaster. Spread the mixture in a volume of 10 liters, achieve a thick consistency, otherwise it will slip. But do not overdo it, the mixture is too thick it is difficult to put on the wall. When the mixture is cooked, put it between the lighthouses on the wall with a spatula. Then take a stick and attach it to all beacons, and then draw on the wall from the bottom up to even plaster. Often, after leveling some places are not plastered, so apply another layer if this should happen. Apply the mixture and straighten it for as long as you do not achieve perfect flatness of the walls. If there were irregularities in the corners align them with a spatula.
  6. Now you can do wallpapering, do not forget that you can save a large amount, if spend alignment standard formula. But in this case need to putty, or wall surface is very rough.
Conducting wall alignment

How to align walls plasterboard

At this point in the construction of a very common material such as drywall. He needed to create a multi-level ceilings, and for leveling walls and installing insulation to the walls. Its main advantage is that it is simple to install, besides the room is not there a lot of dirt and dust. This material is not only environmentally friendly, but also fire-resistant and very easy. Since resistance to moisture in drywall low, made it water resistant. So you can even install drywall in the bathroom.

This material is used in severe cases when the wall curves too, and we need to conduct a thorough plastering. But with the help of drywall can make a perfectly flat surface, so the walls were stabilized during the bonding of expensive wallpaper, a very beautiful picture.

To instal a number of ways, currently widely used two ways to install sheets of drywall with drywall, also known as adhesive, and installation sheets using a skeleton of metal profiles or wooden beams. But before you start, you need to calculate the access to critical communications, and create some holes, if access is blocked. Do not forget that you can not install plasterboard walls in areas where there is risk of damage to the walls, such as gyms. If you strike the wall material is deformed and will have to carry out repair work.

Impose filler

How to choose the size of gypsum plasterboard? At this point in DIY stores have lists of the following dimensions: 3000 mm, 2750 mm, 2500 mm, 2000 mm, 1200 mm. The thickness of the sheet is in the range 8.12 millimeters. In no case do not spend alignment if the height of leaves more than 3 meters.

Pre-check the wall strength, and must not be crumbling sections. Also the walls do not have to experience sharp changes in temperature, freezing provokes a deformation of the coating. During the training to get rid of the remaining wall of the solution, it will not allow the glue to dry properly. Be sure to dry the wall, it should not be wet. If the wall is covered with a hygroscopic coating composition draw. In that case, if you spend plastering together with gypsum board, we need to use wet plaster.

If you decide to attach plasterboard to the glue, begin by cutting each sheet on a pre-conceived size. Remember to leave a small gap of about 10 and 5 millimeters, depending on the installation sheet. Pre-install all the necessary communications, the sheets did not interfere in the future. Switches and sockets should not interfere, the ledge of the wall should be 18-20 mm.

We take into account the level of the wall

Gently spread the glue, be sure to use the manufacturer's instructions and do not break the ratio of water to the mixture. When you have prepared the glue can begin to spray the surface. Apply glue to one side of the drywall, carefully apply the adhesive to the place where there will be door and window openings. Firmly attach drywall sheets to the wall for a lasting attachment to knock on the wall, for example, a rubber mallet. Do not forget that you can not put a space between the sheets, be sure to spend the alignment relative to the upper edge.

If the sheets of drywall over 3 meters, it's necessary mounting frame, for example, of a metal profile or wood. It is much harder to make a frame made of wood, because it is very hard to make, to the same tree is deformed over time. If the wood is wet, cracks in the plaster. This will provoke the destruction of wallpaper, they quickly come unstuck and cracked. Do not skimp on the metal strips, they last much longer. Get a guide and rack profile, for work you will need to square and level building.

Shpaklyuem drywall

The guide profiles are installed in a horizontal position and bolted so that they are parallel to the floor and polotku. Profile is fixed on the ceiling, and then on the floor, but with the use of the pitch. During the installation of rack-mount profiles must be observed step about 0.5 m If the profile is too long, shorten it. To verify the accuracy of the installation, check it with the suspension, and hook suspension with a distance of 0.3 to 0.5 m Attach drywall screws, which are designed for metal, they are black. But do not overdo it, set screws must be carefully or you will damage the material.

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